A study published Friday in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology produced results that showed adult smokers who switched from tobacco cigarettes to electronic cigarettes greatly improved their vascular function. In particular, out of the 114 test subjects, “females benefited from switching more than males did” due to the history that smoking combustible cigarettes take a greater toll on female bodies.

The results showed “those who complied best with EC switch demonstrated the largest improvement,” whether or not the participant used nicotine during the test. One of the study’s conclusions was that nicotine was not an important factor in the improvement of health, rather it was the absence of the toxins and chemicals from tobacco cigarettes.

“The [new study’s] finding contradicts the findings of observational studies that find that people who vape are at higher risk of heart disease, because those studies are inevitably and irreversibly confounded by former smoking”

John Britton, Director of the UK Centre for Tobacco and Alcohol Studies

Although more time is required to study the long-term effects of vaping, current studies are building more insight into the benefits of vaping versus traditional cigarettes. Ultimately, the replacement of e-cigs has shown to relieve current and further health risks of smoking cigarettes.